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Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur) is a public engineering institution established by the government of India in 1951. It is the first of the IITs to be established, and is recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India. The history of the IIT system dates back to 1946 when a committee was set up by Hon'ble Sir Jogendra Singh, Member of the Viceroy's Executive Council, Department of Education, Health and Agriculture to consider the setting up of Higher Technical Institutions for post war industrial development in India. The 22 member committee headed by Sri N.R.Sarkar, in its report, recommended the establishment of four Higher Technical Institutions in the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern regions. The committee also felt that such institutes would not only produce undergraduates but they should be engaged in research, producing research workers and technical teachers as well. The standard of the graduates should be at par with those from first class institutions abroad. From these recommendations of the Sarkar committee, the first Indian Institute of Technology was born after independence in May 1950 in Hijli, Kharagpur. The institute started its journey in the old Hijli Detention Camp where some of our great freedom fighters toiled and sacrificed their lives for the independence of our country. This is possibly one of the very few Institutions all over the world which started life in a prison house. Among all IITs, IIT Kharagpur has the largest campus (2,100 acres), the most number of departments, and the highest student enrollment. more...